Lots of double mortise magic.
Layout for cutting the front legs to length. Set the tops co-planer and mark the bottom off the bench edge.
Paterns, templates, cauls and all kinds of cheat sheets.
Yes, there's days when the hand planing is challenging, and you think about busting out the palm sander. And indeed, there's a time and place for the palm sander. But yesterday was not one of those days. My dad's #3 Stanley Bailey was singing. I imagine it comes close to what a musician must feel when his finely tuned instrument is making music in his hands. I slipped into an elevated spirit animal trance, so here's pictures of all the frame members receiving treatment.